Expert panels are engaged when highly specialised input and opinion is required for a project. Generally, a variety of experts are engaged based on various fields of expertise to debate and discuss various courses of action and make recommendations. An expert panel is not as interactive as a fishbowl (where experts are the fish in the bowl). They are used often when the issue is highly contentious and decisions are likely to have possible legal ramifications or where the best possible results (based on expertise) are required.
This page originally copied with permission from the Citizens Science Toolbox