Multi-Objective Decision Support Systems (MODSS) technology allows programs to be developed that focus on management effects in environmental issues. This technology is part of the science of environmental management, which recognizes that natural and social systems are dynamic, interlinked and unpredictable, and need complex systems that allow flexible responses.
Management that uses rigid control mechanisms can contribute to the breakdown of socio-ecological systems. Because of this, newer approaches stressing flexibility and responsiveness have developed, and Decision Support technology has developed that allows for the inter-connectedness of ecological systems. Such computer programs describe the multiple effects of any change, and provide a structured approach to selecting a management plan based on a group's preferences and tradeoffs. (based on Heilman et al, 2000).
This page originally copied with permission from the Citizens Science Toolbox